61 B.C. Romans conquer Jerusalem
70 A.D. First Jewish revolt. Jewish second temple destroyed
by the Romans
133-135 Second Jewish revolt crushed. Judea renamed by
the Romans to Palestina.
622 Islam is founded
640 Arabs conquers Jerusalem
1099 Christian Crusaders conquers Jerusalem. Slaughter
most of the Jews and Moslem inhabitants
1187 Saladin reconquers Jerusalem
1517 Ottoman Turkish conquest
1799 Napoleon conquers Jaffa
1840 Accusations that Jews kill Christian children to
use for the Passover Matzoth
1843 First Zionist writings
1878 First Zionist Settlement
1897 First Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland
1917 British promise a National Home for
the Jews in Palestine
1919 First Palestinian Congress
1920 Arab riots led by Haj Min El Husseini and Aref El
Aref in Hebron and Jerusalem
1921 Arab riots in Jaffa against Jewish population
1922 British Mandate for Palastine. Official establishment
1929 Jews set up a dividing schreen at the Wailing Wall
to separate men and woment worshippers. Haj Amin El-Husseini
deliberately spread rumors that the Jews wanted to build synagogue
at the wall. Arab riots in Hebron, Jerusalem, Sfed, Haifa, Motza
1930 The British proposes to limit Jewish immigration
1936-39 Arab Revolt by Haj Amin Al-Husseini. Husseini
flees to Iraq and then to Nazi Germany
1937-38 Peel and Woodhead recommend partitioning Palestine
into a small Jewish state and a large Arab state.
1939 White Paper limits Jewish immigration to Palestine
to 75,000 in total, restricts Jewish land purchases.
1947 Nov 29, UN Partition Resolution (GA 181)
Palestine divided into a Jewish State and an Arab State. The
Arab league refuses to recognize the resolution.
Dec 1, 1947 Arab riots in Jerusalem. Atrocities committed
by both Jews and Arabs
April 6-8, 1948 Arab blockade of Jerusalem broken temporarily
by Nachshon. Adb-El-Quader Al-Husseini is shot to death by the
April 9, 1948 Deir Yassin Massacre Jewish extremist
groups Irgun and Lehi murder over 100 Palestinian civilians
in the Jerusalem village of Der Yassin.
April 13, 1948 Haddassah Convoy Massacre In retaliation
for Der Yassin, Arabs murder Jewish medical personnel and sick
patients on their way to the Hadassh hospital
May 14, 1948 Guch Etzion Massacre Another retaliation
for the Der Yassin Massacre, Arabs murder over 50 Jewish defenders
at Gush Etzion after they had surrendered
May 15, 1948 The 1948 Israeli War of Independence. Declaration
of Israel as the Jewish State. The British leave Palestine.
Egypt, Syra, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia declare war
on Israel. Egyptian, Syran and Jordanian invasion begin.
Dec 11, 1948 UN Resolution 194 called for ending of fighting
and invite refugees back to the region.
April 3, 1949 After the war, Israel gained about 50 percent
more land than what was originally given to them in the UN Partition
Plan. The war also creates over 780,000 Palestinian refugees.
Gaza fell under Egypt ruling. The West Bank is occupied by Jordan.
July, 1951 Assassination of Jordans King Abdulla.
Rumors was spread that wanted peace with Israel. Grandson Hussein
takes his place.
October, 1953 IDF paratrooper unit 101 under Ariel Sharon
demolish houses, killing 69 civilians in the Jordanian village
of Oibieh as a reprisal for a raid on Tirat Yehuda.
Oct 29, 1956 Suez canal taken by Israeli forces with
the backing of French and British troops. United States guarantees
right of passage for Israeli shipping through the Straits of
1957 Fateh founded. Their aim is to destroy Israel
May, 1964 PLO founded. Their aim is to destroy Israel.
The Palestinian National Charter (1968) openly declares annihilation
May 1967 Egyptian President Gamal Adbel Nasser closes
the straits of Tiran. Dismisses the UN peacekeeping forces.
June 5, 1967 The 6-day war:.Israel destroys the Egyptian
air force on the ground, conquers and occupies Sinai and Gaza.
It siezes the West Bank from Jordan and the Golan Heights from
Syria. UN resolution calls for Israel to withdraw.
March,21 1968 Battel of Karameh Jordanian and
Palestinian forces defeat some Israel troops. Israel conducts
a massive retaliatory raid on a Jordanian town that had served
as a key point for which PLO and Fatah guerilla attacks had
been planned and staged.
Sept, 1970 Black September- King Hussein
of Jordan expel Palestinian guerillas. PLO flee Jordan and establish
themselves in Lebanon.
Sept 5, 1972 Black September movement massacres Israeli
Olympic team in Munich, Germany. Israeli agents find and terminate
most of the assassins.
Oct 6, 1973 Yom Kippur War (October War) is a surprise
attack on the Jewish day of atonement. Egypt retakes the Suez
canal. Syria reconquered the Golan Heights. A massive US and
Soviet support for each side with armor. Israel pushes back
the Syrians and threatening to take Damascus. Ariel Sharon crosses
the Suez Canal and cuts of the Egyptian Third Army
Oct 22, 1973 UN Security Council Resolution 338 calls
for cease fire.
May 15, 1974 PLO gunmen take over a school in northern
Israel and kill 25 and wound many others.
1974 Palestinians hijack an Air-France Air but to Entebbe
in Uganda. IDF commando units storm the plane and manage to
free most of the hostages.
Mar 15, 1978 Israel invades Lebanon after the PLO hijacked
a bus on the main Tel-Aviv to Haifa highway. UN resolution 425
of March 19, 1978 calling for withdrawal of Israeli forces
Israel did not fulfill the resolution until May 2000.
Sept 17, 1978 Egypt and Israel sign frameworks for peace
in the Middle East and peace between Egypt and Israel.
June 7, 1981 Israel destroys Iraqi nuclear reactor
Oct 6, 1981 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is assassinated
June 6, 1982 Israel invades Lebanon
1982 The Lebanese Shiite Hizbulla Islamic terror
group is founded.
Aug 22, 1982 PLO evacuation of Beirut
Sept 14, 1982 Lebanese President Bashir Jemayeel assassinated
by Syrian intelligence.
Sept 16, 1982 Ariel Sharon allows Lebanese Christian
Phalange units to enter a Palestinian refugee camp.They massacre
between 800-1000 refugees.
Feb 8, 1983 Israeli Kahan commission found Ariel Sharon
and others indirectly guilty of allowing the massacre to take
April 18, 1983 Hizbulla suicide bomber blows up American
Embassy in Beirut. More than 60 people are killed.
Sept 3, 1983 Israel begin partial withdrawal from Lebanon
Oct 23, 1983 Hizbulla suicide bomber destroys the US
Marine compound in Beirut killing 241.
Sept 20, 1984 Hizbulla suicide bomber destroys the rebuilt
American Embassy in Beirut killing 25.
June 1985 Shimon Peres order withdrawal from most of
the occupied Lebanese territories.
Jan. 1985 First Intifadeh stone throwing Palestinians
Aug. 1988 Hamas publishes Charter calling for destruction
Nov 15, 1988 Palestine National Council of the PLO declares
a Palestinian state and recognizes the UN resolutions 181 and
May 14, 1989 Israeli Peace Plan calls for negotiating
with the Palestinians.
January, 1991 Gulf War. Iraqi missiles fall on Israel.
Palestinians support Saddam Hussein.
Oct 30, 1991 Madrid Peace Conference for peace in the
Sept 13, 1993 Oslo declaration of Principles. Israel
and PLO agree to mutual recognition. Yasser Arafat and PLO allowed
returning to Gaza. PLO revises charter to remove the destruction
of Israel. Israel withdraws seemingly little from occupied areas.
Israel does not stop growth of settlements on occupied land
and the number of settlers and settlements increases considerably.
May 1994 Yasser Arafat arrives in Gaza; peace between
Jordan and Israel
Nov 4, 1995 Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin assassinated by
right-wing Israeli fanatics
May 2000 Israel withdraws from Lebanon after years of
harassment by Hizbullah guerillas
July 2000 Israeli PM Barak, U.S. President Clinton and
Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat fail to gsain resolution
at Camp David. Israel offers to give back 90 present of occupied
land. Arafat leaves the negotiation table in protest.
Sept 28, 2000 Ariel Sharon visits the Temple Mount, which
is holy to Muslims. Violence erupts. Israel kills 15 Israeli
Arabs in September/October 2000, and over 500 Palestinians in
retaliatory raids thereafter. Palestinians kill 100 Israelis.
Violence continues until present time.
Sept 11, 2001 Terror attack on World Trade Center in
NYC and the Pentagon. United States declares war
on terrorism. Israel and Palestine agree to cease-fire but it
is not implemented.
Oct 17, 2001 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
assassinates Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Zeevi.
Israel troops enter Palestinian areas in the West Bank.
Jan 3, 2002 Israel intercepts a boatload of illegal arms
sent to the Palestinian Authority. This happens when the US
envoy Anthony Zinni arrives to mediate a settlement.
March 2002 Saudi Prince Abdullah presents a peace plan
to which Israel would withdraw from the occupied territories
in turn for Arab recognition.
April 2002 The PNA Chairman, Arafat surrounded and detained
inside his compound in Ramalah. The Palestinians step up the
attacks on Israeli soldiers as well as suicide bombings in civilian