Country (religious groups involved): Type of conflict
Afghanistan (extreme radical fundamentalist Muslims
vs. other muslim groups and non-Muslims): goals to promote
a worldwide war between Muslims and non-Muslims.
Bosnia (Serbian Orthodox Christians, Roman Catholic,
and Muslims): Fragile peace is holding, due only to the presence
Côte d’Ivoire (Muslims, indigenous, Christians): Following
elections in late 2000, government security forces “began
targeting civilians solely and explicitly on the basis of
their religion, ethnic group, or national origin. The overwhelming
majority of victims come from the largely Muslim north of
the country, or are immigrants or the descendants of immigrants.”
Cyprus (Christians and Muslims): The island is partitioned,
creating enclaves for ethnic Greeks (Christians) and Turks
(Muslims). A U.N. peace-keeping force is maintaining stability.
East Timor (Christians and Muslims): When this Roman
Catholic country was forcibly annexed by Indonesia (mainly
Muslim), about 20 percent of the populace died by murder,
starvation, or disease. After voting for independence, many
Christians were exterminated or exiled by the Indonesian army
and army-funded militias. The situation is now stable.
India (Animists, Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs): Half
a century of conflicts are too numerous to list. In February
2002, a Muslim-Hindu conflict broke out, killing an average
of 100 people a day over the first five days.
Indonesia (Christians and Muslims): In Ambon province,
after centuries of relative peace, conflicts started in 1999. The
situation now appears to be stable. In Halmahera province,
30 Muslims were killed. Two-thousand Christians drove them
from their homes and destroyed their churches.
Kashmir (Hindus and Muslims): In this chronically
unstable region of the world claimed by both Pakistan and
India, nearly 60,000 people have died since 1989. The availability
of nuclear weapons is destabilizing the region further.
Kosovo (Orthodox Christians and Muslims): Peace enforced
by NATO peacekeepers. There is convincing evidence of past
mass murder by officials of the Yugoslavian government (mainly
Serbian Orthodox Christians) against ethnic Albanians (mostly
Kurdistan (Christians, Muslims): Assaults on Christians.
Bombing campaign underway.
Macedonia (Orthodox Christians and Muslims, often
referred to as ethnic Albanians): Muslims engaged in a civil
war with the rest of the country, primarily Macedonian Orthodox
Christians. A peace treaty has been signed. Disarmament by
NATO is complete.
Middle East (Jews, Muslims, Christians): With the
asassination by his own people of Prime Minister and peacemaker
Itzak Rabin, the nearly complete (only the question of Jerusalem
was not settled) process of establishing peace between Israel
and Palestine deterioriated under Netanyahu and Sharon completely
broke down, resulting in the deaths of more than 800 Palestinians,
and about 200 Jews so far this year.
Nigeria (Christians, Animists, and Muslims): Yourubas
and Christians in the south of the country are battling Muslims
in the north. Country is struggling towards democracy after
decades of Muslim military dictatorships.
Northern Ireland (Protestants, Catholics): After 3,600
killings and assassinations over 30 years, progress has been
made recently in the form of a ceasefire and independent status
for the country. Pakistan (Suni and Shi’ite Muslims): Low-level
Philippines (Christians and Muslims): Low-level, centuries-old
conflict between the mainly Christian central government and
Muslims in the southern islands.
Russia, Chechnya (Russian Orthodox Christians, Muslims):
The Russian army attacked rebel militants in the breakaway
region after Muslims allegedly blew up buildings in Moscow. Many
atrocities have been alleged on both sides, and the most recent
confirmed: 800 hostages taken in a Moscow theatre.
Serbia, province of Vojvodina (Serbian Orthodox and
Roman Catholics): Serb ethnic-cleansing programs have “encouraged”
50,000 ethnic Hungarians (almost all Roman Catholics) to leave
this province of Yugoslavia.
South Africa (Animists and “Witches”): Hundreds of
people accused of black magic are murdered yearly.
Sri Lanka (Buddhists and Hindus): Since 1983 the Tamils
(a mainly Hindu 18 percent minority) have been involved in
a war for independence with the rest of the country (70 percent
Buddhist). An estimated 65,000 has been killed. The conflict
took a sudden change for the better in September 2002 when
the Tamils dropped their demand for complete independence.
Sudan (Animists, Christians, and Muslims): Complex
ethnic, racial, religious conflict victimizes both Animists
and Christians in the south. Slavery is common, and there
are allegations of crucifixion of Christians.
Tibet (Buddhists and Communists): Country was annexed
by Chinese Communists in late 1950s. Brutal suppression of
Uganda (Animists, Christians, and Muslims): Christian
rebels of the Lord’s Resistance Army are conducting a civil
war in the north of Uganda. Their goal is a Christian theocracy
whose laws are based on the Ten Commandments. They abduct
about 2,000 children a year who are enslaved and/or raped.