Court rulings are nothing new to sports Maurice
Clarett’s ruling is just one of four other court rulings
that changed the face of professional sports.
Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore V. National Baseball Clubs
This Supreme Court case paved the way for Major League Baseball
to be exempted from Antitrust laws. This came about when
Baltimore, a member of the Federal League, which operated
as a form of
major league baseball from 1914-15 sued the National and
charging the Federal Leagues inability to sign players was
due to antitrust violation. In 1922, the Federal League
established that antitrust laws were being broken, but
lost its case.
McNally and Messersmith ruling
Dave McNally and Andy Messersmith filed a grievance against
Major League Baseball in 1975 for not being able to change
a contract is up. An arbitrator ruled in their favor, eliminating
the reserve clause, which bound a player to one team for
life, creating free agency.
NBA v. Spencer Haywood, Seattle Supersonics
Spencer Haywood, signed with the American Basketball Association
in 1969 after his sophomore year at college, he then
bolted to the Sonics (an NBA team) a year later. The NBA
and the Sonics, since he had entered the NBA before his
college class graduated. The case went to the Supreme
ruled in favor of Haywood, making it possible for undergraduates
to enter the NBA. This ruling is making it possible for
players to jump right into the National Basketball Association.
United States Football League v. NFL
This lawsuit was the beginning of the downfall of the
USFL as it sued the NFL for $600 million for violation
before a federal jury in New York