Why learn about aquaculture?
Aquaculture dates to 500 B.C. and is a reliable method for farming
aquatic animals and plants. With world population expected
to grow from six billion today to between 8.9 and 10.7 billion
by mid-21st century, aquaculture can meet the growing demand
for a low-cost and nutritious food source.
Since the mid-1980s, aquaculture has been the world’s fastest
growing food production system, increasing an average of 9.6
percent per year. In 1995, aquaculture produced about 6.2 percent
of the total farmed animal meat in the world and ranked fourth
in terms of global supply after pork, beef, and chicken.
Aquaculture in Hawai‘i
In Hawai‘i, aquaculture is an increasingly important part
of the state’s diversified agriculture industry. The number
of aquafarms in Hawai‘i has increased from two in 1970
to 117 in 1996. The demise of Hawai‘i’s sugar industry,
coupled with an increase in the number of terrestrial farmers
who have switched to aquafarming, has helped fuel this growth.
Aquaculture business models showing rates of return on investments
of 30 percent or more have also spurred interest.
So what about the aquaculture course?
The course will be team taught by leading researchers from
Oceanic Institute and HPU faculty. Students will learn basic
of aquaculture, including water quality chemistry, microbial
ecology, systems engineering, and animal nutrition. The course
will illustrate how these basic principles are used in fish and
crustacean culture. Additional topics include stock enhancement,
seafood quality, nutraceuticals, and ornamentals.
In future Kalamalama issues, we will share more about the exciting
new affiliation between OI and HPU and discuss some of OI’s