Several factors contribute
to pelvic inflammatory disease, but, the main cause is when
bacteria travels from the vagina to the cervix, and goes into
the woman’s reproductive organs. Symptoms of PID aren’t
always visible and vary from person to person. A medical doctor
usually must perform a complete physical, including a pap smear
According to Danville Regional Health System, mild to severe
Lower abdomen pain or tenderness
Pain or tenderness during examination when the cervix is touched
Unusual vaginal discharge
Irregular menstrual bleeding
Nausea with or without vomiting
Pain during intercourse
Annual examinations can help in the prevention of pelvic inflammatory
disease; however, there is no specific test to determine if someone
trait. A physician can only diagnose based on a detailed health
exam, blood tests, pelvic ultrasound, and sometimes through a swab
test of the cervix.
If a positive reading of sexually transmitted diseases or symptoms
of PID occur, antibiotics can be prescribed, and at a least three
be scheduled (www.stayinginshape.com).
Females who are sexually active, or women who are not sexually
monogamous, should get exams more frequently.
Getting a checkup is important because each year more than
one million women who experience symptoms go undiagnosed.
in the United
States become infertile because of reoccurring episodes of PID,
and scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can result in blockage
the normal passage
to allow eggs to enter into the uterus. This also leads to tubal
pregnancy or chronic
pelvic pain, according to The National Institute of Allergy and
The best way to prevent exposure to pelvic inflammatory disease
and the risk of sexually transmitted diseases is to:
Always use latex condoms for all types of sexual activity.
Use back-up methods such as diaphragms or spermicidal contraceptives in combination
of latex condoms.
Limit sexual partners. (Multiple partners increase the risk of STDs).
Have annual checkups if sexually active or 18 years of age and older.
Get tested and have partners tested before having sexual intercourse.
Preparing for an annual exam can be intimidating, but it
can alleviate longterm health complications. Do not schedule
exam while menstruating
a condom if having intercourse 24 hours before exam.
Before going to the physcian,
down any questions, and be honest.
Having an annual exam is important. It shouldn’t be taken lightly. Avoiding
the doctor out of fear can result in lifelong health complications or even death.
It’s your health; don’t forget to get an annual examination.