A policy of the United States government that denies recognition
of international territorial changes effected by force. The
doctrine was developed in response to Japan’s unilateral
annexation of Manchuria in China in 1931, and was also applied
to the Soviet occupation of the three Baltic republics in 1940.
The Fourth Geneva Convention: Article 49 provides that persons
displaced during armed conflict must be returned to their homes
as soon as hostilities in the area in question have ceased.
This right of displaced persons, often referred to as the “right
of return,” has been reaffirmed in subsequent international
treaties and conventions. Seventeen years after the ceasefire
was imposed in Western Sahara, Morocco has still not been held
accountable for its refusal to allow the 165,000 Sahrawi refugees
in Tindouf to return to their homes in Western Sahara proper.
Abercrombie’s recognition of Moroccan hegemony over Western
Sahara compounds this situation.
The Atlantic Charter and the UN Charter: Both these clearly
affirm the inalienable right of peoples and colonies to self-determination