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Stimson Doctrine: A policy of the United States government that denies recognition of international territorial changes effected by force. The doctrine was developed in response to Japan’s unilateral annexation of Manchuria in China in 1931, and was also applied to the Soviet occupation of the three Baltic republics in 1940.

The Fourth Geneva Convention: Article 49 provides that persons displaced during armed conflict must be returned to their homes as soon as hostilities in the area in question have ceased. This right of displaced persons, often referred to as the “right of return,” has been reaffirmed in subsequent international treaties and conventions. Seventeen years after the ceasefire was imposed in Western Sahara, Morocco has still not been held accountable for its refusal to allow the 165,000 Sahrawi refugees in Tindouf to return to their homes in Western Sahara proper. Abercrombie’s recognition of Moroccan hegemony over Western Sahara compounds this situation.

The Atlantic Charter and the UN Charter: Both these clearly affirm the inalienable right of peoples and colonies to self-determination and decolonization.




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